Depression was initially called “melancholia”.

In difference, depression was both a biological and psychological disease. Based on the Anatomy of Melancholy, the psychological and social causes of depression are poverty, fear and solitude.


  Presoposing Factors for depression are:

  • Prior episode of depression.
  • Loss of loved one.
  • Substance abuse.
  • Postpartum period.
  • Peri/postmenopausal period.
  • Medical co-morbidity.
  • Lack of social support.
  • Female gender.
  • History of adverse childhood events.
  • Negative cognitive style



  • Depression can be part of a mental health problems such as:

  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Borderline personality disorder.
  • Schizoaffective disorder.
  • and other personality disorders.


    Causes Of Depression

  • Alcohol or drug abuse .
  • Certain medications such as steroids.
  • Sleeping problems.
  • Stressful life events.
  • Failing a class.
  • Death or illness of someone close to you.
  • Divorce.
  • Childhood abuse or neglect.
  • Job loss.
  • Social isolation (common in in adults)


  • Signs and symptoms of depression

  • Thoughts of death or suicide or suicide attempts.
  • Restlessness or irritability.
  • Headaches or cramps.
  • Decreased energy, fatigue, or being “slowed down”Difficulty.
  • Concentrating, remembering, or making decision.
  • Difficulty in sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping.
  • Appetite and/or weight change.
  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood.
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism.
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness.
  • Loss of interest in hobbies or activities.


  • Treatment of depression 

     Different types of depression require different treatment by the procedures below:
     
  • Learning about the condition.
  • Lifestyle changes.
  • Psychological therapy can provided by a mental health professional or through e-therapist (online therapist).


  • Psychological treatments for depression including:

  • Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT).
  • Interpersonal therapy (IPT).
  • Behaviour therapy.
  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT).


  • Common Side Effects Of Antidepressants.

  • Nausea.
  • Sweating.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Agitation.
  • Headaches.
  • Weight gain.
  • Dizziness.
  • Anxiety.